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Municipal Social Policy Analysis in the Shida Kartli Region

Within the scope of the research, existing municipal social programs have been evaluated, the core challenges were identified, and the recommendations were elaborated for the local and central authorities.

IMF Fiscal Monitor-Curbing Corruption

Publication by International Monetary Fund assesses Georgia’s progress in fighting corruption: “Georgia and Rwanda have shown the largest improvements on the Control of Corruption Index since 1996. Both countries have made wide-ranging efforts to overcome a pervasive culture of corruption within a relatively short period.…

Analyzing Competitiveness of the Hospital Sector and its Value Chain in the City of Tbilisi – Using Smart Specialisations Methodology Components

Tbilisi is not only the capital city of Georgia, but is also the centre of the country’s economic development. Around 49% of the country’s GDP (GEL 14.3 billion as of 2016) is created in Tbilisi. Furthermore, 31% of the Georgian population (1.16 million people as…

Economic Diplomacy in Georgia: Existing Practice and Future Prospects

The purposes of this policy paper are to present the priorities of the Government of Georgia (GoG) in economic diplomacy, to map economic diplomacy institutions, and to describe their functions. It also aims to present practical cases of conducting economic diplomacy. Case studies of selected…

The Belt and Road Initiative in the South Caucasus Region

The aim of the project is to study the impact of the BRI on the countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus (CASC) and ascertain how these countries individually and through regional cooperative efforts can maximize the benefits of the BRI and manage any…

Tomato Value Chain Analysis in Imereti Region

PMC Research, in cooperation with regional civil society organizations of the Imereti region, conducted value chain analysis on tomato with an emphasis on the export potential to the European Union market.

Blackberry Value Chain Analysis in Kakheti Region


Raspberry Value Chain Analysis in Mtskheta-Mtianeti Region

PMC Research Centre, in cooperation with regional civil society organizations of the Mtskheta-Mtianeti region, conducted value chain analysis on raspberry with an emphasis on the export potential to the European Union market.

Mandarin Value Chain Analysis in Adjara Region


Broccoli Value Chain Analysis in Kvemo Kartli Region

PMC Research, in cooperation with regional civil society organizations of the Kvemo Kartli region, conducted value chain analysis on broccoli with an emphasis on the export potential to the European Union market.

South Caucasus Gender Assessment Technical Assistance Report: Value Chain Selection – Georgia

The objective of the report is to improve female entrepreneurs' market access and competitiveness by assessing constraints to the participation of women in a priority value chain and particularly in the higher value-added segments of that particular chain. The report was prepared by PMCG as part…

Options for Railway Infrastructure Development in Tbilisi

This study compares the following four alternatives: keeping the status quo (Option 1); the 2009 Tbilisi Railway Bypass Project (Option 2); a city tunnel from Navtlughi district to Didube district (Option 3); and retaining the city’s main railway line and central station, but relocating all…

Georgia as a Transit Hub and its Increasing Potential in the Implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative

This paper has identified a clear interconnection between the BRI and Georgia’s economic development strategy in terms of infrastructure development and trade facilitation. Furthermore, this paper has suggested that Georgia could leverage the advantages of its trade agreements (DCFTA with the EU; FTA with China)…

MPs' Budget Guide


Armenia-Georgia Trade: Getting Close or Distant?

Armenia’s decision to join the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) exempted traders from union member countries from paying value added tax (VAT) and excise tax, thus putting Georgian traders in a disadvantaged position and breaking the main principles of the Free Trade Agreement between Georgia and…

Georgia-Turkey Trade Relations - Challenges and Opportunities


Study in Georgia Prospects of Internationalization of Higher Education

The primary aim of the research is to describe and analyze Georgia’s potential for the internationalization and export of higher education system, and to deliver policy recommendations.

Assessment of the Challenges and Opportunities for Renewable Energy Directive Transposition


Transit of Energy Resources from Iran via Georgia to Western Markets Prospects, Risks, Challenges and Opportunities

The paper attempts to analyse possibilities for energy transit from Iran to Georgia and further to the Western markets that have recently opened to energy supplies from Iran as international sanctions have been lifted. Iran, estimated to be the world's fourth-largest country by proven oil…

Compulsory Saving Pension Scheme – Challenges and International Practices

Society was always facing material security issue. Conventional approach, market mechanisms were unable to solve all the problems, so the state took responsibility for it. As a result, new challenges raised, that were exacerbated by the latest demographic trends and put under risk future sustainability…

Role of Tariff Policy in Improving Energy Efficiency in the Residential Sector

Tariff policy plays an important role in providing “right” price signals for consumers, which is a necessary condition to improve the demand side energy efficiency (EE) in terms of the environmental, social and economic benefits. Improving EE is the most effective way to address challenges…

Agricultural Land Ownership: The Optimal Way

The research analyzes the general difficulties linked with agricultural lands, mostly surrounded with three major issues: large number of unregistered lands; the state as large owner of lands; and the limited right of foreigners to purchase land. The research discusses about the ways of overcoming…

Assessment of Fiscal Sustainability of the Universal Healthcare Program in Georgia, 2015-2030

During the past decade, Georgia reformed its health sector and achieved a decline in child and infant mortality, a reduction in expenditure of inpatient services, an improvement in accessibility, equity and affordability of healthcare services. However, healthcare still remained unaffordable for almost half of the…

The Service Quality in the Natural Gas Sector: EU Experience and Implications for Georgia

Having reviewed the best European experience in regulating service quality, it is considered that OFGEM, British energy regulator has one of the best well-developed regulatory framework that sets necessary incentives for high standard commercial service quality. This paper reviews the experience of Great Britain in…

Solar Power Scale: Policy Schemes for Supporting Solar Power Generation in Georgia

Solar power is one of the fastest growing renewable energy technologies becoming competitive with traditional sources of electricity generation. Its main characteristics are: high initial investment costs, free fuel during the operations period and environmentally friendly nature. All this makes solar one of the best power…

Joint Feasibility Study on China-Georgia Possible Free Trade Agreement

The study showed that a free trade agreement between Georgia and China has great potential. Georgia’s export to China would increase by 9% approximately, in the short-term period including significant growth of wine exports (28.5%) and non-alcoholic drinks (36.7%). On the other hand, imports from…

Waste Management in Georgia

Even if the streets in Georgia are swept and clean, it does not mean that waste is managed in the country. Despite a big interest of the Georgian government, there are still no striking changes in the waste management in Georgia. A considerable step forward…

Economic Analyses of the Proposed Amendments to the Labor Code of Georgia

PMC Research Centre presents economic analyses to the Labor Code of Georgia. The analysis is based on international empirical studies, experiences of other countries, and the survey of business leaders’ attitudes to the initiated amendments to the Labor Code of Georgia. The aim of the…

Sharing Experience of Visegrad Countries’ EU Economic Integration and Georgia’s Successful Institutional Reforms for Albania and Kosovo

This report analysis state of play of Albania’s and Kosovo’s EU integration, it asseses the challenges and perspectives these countries meet in the process. Also, it presents experience of Georgia’s, as EU associated country’s successful insistutional reforms that are relevant for Albania and Kosovo.

Public Funds and Property Management Manual

The manual describes budgeting process and its connection with the government budgeting process. Also, classification and formation principles of local budget revenues and expenditures, compilation of budget and program budget forms. Practice and purpose of implementation of changes. Also, forms and principles of quarterly and…

Possible Challenges of Harmonization of Georgian Legislation with the Acquis Communautaire of the European Union in Energy Sector

European Union’s (EU) strategic interest and relations with Georgia have been developing over past years. In this period, Georgia significantly deepened its ties with the EU. On the one hand, EU’s strategic interest and on other hand, Georgia’s considerable progress in the reforms maintained to…

The Effects of Investments in Clean Energy in Georgia

It was several decades ago when mankind observed that country’s development is no more function of economic growth and technological innovation only, but also environmental stability, healthy ecosystem and social equity, hence the term sustainable development emerged. Sustainable development concept is important in energy sector…

Global Food Price Shocks Transmission to Local Markets and Welfare Implications for Georgian Households

In the period of 2003 - 2013, real growth of GDP averaged 6.3% in Georgia, however the benefits of the growth has not been equally shared among different groups of population. Despite the robust growth over the past ten years, as of 2013, 9.3% of…

Why Georgia must work closely with its neighbours

Collaborating with neighbours is vital for any country to ensure sustainable development. The example of Georgia is one of many, but may be useful for other small countries in helping them to create an environment where cooperation can naturally flourish, despite a complex geopolitical environment.

GoARA PR/communication Manual

The document provides normative guidelines for the Public Relations Department of Government of Autonomous Republic of Adjara (GoARA), which was prepared in the framework of the project – Improving Interagency Communication of GoARA through Increased Capacity of GoARA PR/Communication Departments and was funded by USAID…

Analysis of the Medium Term Fiscal Policy Sustainability in Georgia

The research “Analysis of the medium term fiscal policy sustainability in Georgia” assesses the fiscal sustainability of the country in medium and long-term periods. A stable development oriented fiscal policy is crucial for the sustainable economic development of a country. 

Analysis of the State Procurement System of Georgia

The research paper “Analysis of the State Procurement Policy of Georgia” studies the strength and challenges of the existing state procurement system of Georgia. The research is based on the analysis of state procurement policy, conducted interviews with representatives of large procuring entities and suppliers…

Needs Assessment of the Parliament of Georgia

With the support of the EU Delegation in Georgia, PMCG conducted the Needs Assessment of the Parliament of Georgia to identify and analyse a variety of institutional needs or performance gaps of the Georgian Parliament. The document addresses the issues, factors or shortcomings that affect the exercise of…

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